Cat fish farming over the years has become a brisk business. It is aggressively contesting with poultry and piggery. The demand for fish is constantly on the increase perhaps because of it health benefit. For medical reasons more and more people consume fish than they consume red meat. This demand has created opportunities for fish farmers to excel in the venture.
In order to start cat fish farming you will require the following materials
Perhaps space one of the most importance material required by a fish farmer. Space can be in form of natural pond, Lake, artificially made ponds, surface plastics tanks, tarpaulin etc. this is what make fish farming very flexible to start as you have the option of the kind of space available to you. The choices of other materials depend very largely on the kind of space you have.
Source of water:
The importance of water to creating an aquatic habitat need not be overemphasis. The water source can be river, natural pond, Lake, Borehole Etc... But not public water supply because chlorinated water is not healthy for fingering growth; this is because the chlorine has the ability to kill the fingerling stage of the cat fish production. The choice of water source must therefore be free from contaminants such as radioactive elements.
There are so many foreign Cat fish feeds in the Nigerian Market though they are quite expensive; using such feeds will go a long way to increase the cost of production. It is usually recommended that fish farmers combine both local and foreign feeds in order to cut down cost of production. Most farmers start with foreign feeds (Starters) and end with local feeds (finishers). The major difference between the foreign feeds and the local feeds is in their ability to pollute water. While foreign feeds last on water, local feeds dissolves in water within a very short time thereby polluting the water easily. Some of the local feeds do not float on water and this can be a constraint as feed pellets not eaten by the fish go under water.
Duration : Growing catfish to table size take an average of three months however their growth rates is not uniform as some will grow faster (shooters) while others will grow slowly.
The growth rate of Catfish depends largely on the rate of feeding and even the type of feeds used. However it is advisable to sort them out as soon as you start noticing that their sizes are becoming different. This should be done in order to avoid bigger fish eating up with smaller ones.
Diseases of cat fish ranges from skin peeling, swollen belly and floating. Most of these diseases are bacterial infection. It can be treated with mixture of salt and antibiotics. Ask for drug at the shop where fish feeds are sold
Market : Catfish can be sold in different forms as fresh fish or smoked fish .Smoking require extra cost time and energy but on the other hand that is the best way to preserve it and reduce overhead cost when you have grown them to table.